понедельник, 5 декабря 2016 г.

Методические указания к самостоятельной работе студентов



Министерство образования и науки РБ
ГБПОУ «Бурятский лесопромышленный колледж»





Английский язык

МЕТОДИЧЕСКИЕ УКАЗАНИЯ
к самостоятельной работе студентов
для специальности 270839 Монтаж и эксплуатация внутренних сантехнических устройств, кондиционирования воздуха и вентиляции
(2 курс 1 семестр)










г. Улан-Удэ
2016 г.
Методические указания к самостоятельной работе студентов. – Улан-Удэ: 2016, ___ с.
Специальность 270839 «Монтаж и эксплуатация внутренних сантехнических устройств, кондиционирования воздуха и вентиляции».
Дисциплина «Английский язык»
Автор: Т.Б. Гармаева – преподаватель английского языка ГБПОУ «БЛПК».









Содержание
Устные темы:
1.     Великобритания………………………………………………………………………3
2.     Политическая система Великобритании…………………………………………..7
3.     Лондон………………………………………………………………………………10
4.     Соединенные Штаты Америки…………………………………………………….13
5.     Вашингтон………………………………………………………………………….16
6.     Нью-Йорк…………………………………………………………………………...20
7.     Россия………………………………………………………………………………..23
8.     Государственное устройство России……………………………………………..26
Грамматика:
1.     Present Progressive tense…………………………………………………………….29
2.     Present Progressive / Present Simple……………………………………………….30
3.     Past Progressive tense……………………………………………………………….31
4.     Past Progressive / Past Simple………………………………………………………32
5.     Test…………………………………………………………………………………..33

Great Britain (I)
to be located        [lo′keitid]                       - быть расположенным
to consist of                  [kon′sist]                       - состоять из
part                      [pα:t]                             - часть
square                  [sk′wɛə]                         - квадратный
population           [popju′leiʃən]                 - население
high                     [hai]                              - высокий
lake                      [leik]                              - озеро
mountain             [′mauntən]                     - гора
river                     [′ri:və]                           - река
ocean                   [′ouʃən]                          - океан
surface                 [′sə:fis]                          - поверхность
to influence          [′influəns]                      - влиять
climate                 [′klaimit]                       - климат
mild                     [maild]                          - мягкий
Geographical names:

the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland 
- Соединённое королевство Великобритании и Северной Ирландии
British Isles                   [′bri:tiʃ ailz]                   - Британские острова
England               [′i:ŋlənd]                        - Англия
Wales                            [weilz]                           - Уэльс
Scotland              [′skotlənd]                     - Шотландия
the Highlands      [′hailəndz]                     - Высокогорье
the Lowlands       [′loulӕnd]                      - Низменность
the Severn            [′sevən]                          - Северн
the Thames          [temz]                            - Темза
the Gulf Stream   [gᴧlf stri:m]                            - Гольфстрим (течение)


GREAT BRITAIN
         The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is located on the British Isles. It consists of four parts: England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
         The territory of the United Kingdom is about 244 000 square kilometers. The population is over 56 million people. The capital of the United Kingdom is London.
         The surface of the United Kingdom consists of two parts:  the Highlands and the Lowlands. The mountains are not very high. The largest rivers are the Severn and the Thames. There are many beautiful lakes in Scotland.
         The mountains, the Atlantic Ocean and the warm Gulf Stream influence the climate of Great Britain. It is mild all year round. Winters are not cold and summers are not hot.
1. Расшифруйте и переведите слова:
1) dlim            3) snitocs             5) tadolec             7) lunopitapo
2) tapr             4) cefuras             6) nulicefen          8) nitumano        
2. Найдите английские эквиваленты в тексте и запишите их:
1) соединённое королевство
2) расположено на британских островах
3) состоит из четырёх частей
4) квадратные километры
5) горы не очень высокие
6) самые большие реки
7) красивые озёра
8) Атлантический океан
9) влиять на климат
10) мягкий круглый год
3. Составьте словосочетания из слов из первого и второго столбика и переведите их:
1) is located                       a) the climate
2) square                                     b) four parts
3) Northern                       c) rivers
4) influence                        d) lakes
5) high                               e) winters
6) largest                                     f) on the British Isles
7) consists of                     g) Gulf Stream
8) beautiful                        h) Ireland
9) warm                             i) mountains
10) cold                                       j) kilometers
4. Вставьте следующие слова: lakes, surface, influence, Isles, mild, population, London, rivers, mountains, Northern Ireland, consists, England.
1.     The United Kingdom of Great Britain and _____________ ____________ is located on the British _________.
2.     It _________ of four parts:_________, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
3.     The ___________ is over 56 million people.
4.     The capital of the UK is ________.
5.     The ________ consists of the Highlands and the Lowlands.
6.     The __________ are not very high.
7.     The largest ________ are the Severn and the Thames.
8.     There are many beautiful _________ in Scotland.
9.     The mountains, the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf Stream ____________ the climate of Great Britain.
10.                       It is ______ all year round.
5. Ответьте на вопросы:
1.     What is the official name of Great Britain?
2.     Where is it located?
3.     What parts does it consist of?
4.     What is the territory of Great Britain?
5.     What is the population of the United Kingdom?
6.     What city is the capital?
7.     What parts does the surface consist of?
8.     What are the largest rivers?
9.     What influences the climate on the British Isles?
10.                       What is the climate in Great Britain?
7. Заполните кроссворд.
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http://files3.vunivere.ru/workbase/00/05/46/25/images/image002.png Across: 2. The capital of Scotland. 6. One of the largest Islands of the British Isles. 7. One of four parts of Great Britain. 9. The largest city of Great Britain. 10. One of four parts of Great Britain. 11. The longest river of Great Britain.
Down: 1. The highest mountain of Great Britain. 3. The river in Great Britain. 4. The official head of all branches of government in Great Britain. 5. The official language in Great Britain. 6. The capital of Northern Ireland. 8. The capital of Wales.
GREAT BRITAIN (II)
         Основной словарь:
industrial             [in′dᴧstriəl]                    - промышленный
country                [′kᴧntri]                         - страна
to produce           [pro′dju:s]                     - производить
cultural                [′kᴧlʧərəl]                      - культурный
government                   [′gavənmənt]                 - правительство
to rule                  [ru:l]                              - править, управлять
monarchy            [′mo:nəki]                      - монархия
Queen                  [kwi:n]                          - королева
head                     [hed]                              - глава, голова
state                     [steit]                             - государство, штат
         Дополнительный словарь:
culture                 [′kᴧlʧə]                          - культура
machinery            [mə′ʃinəri]                      - оборудование
chemical               [′kemikəl]                      - химикат
textile                            [′tekstail]                       - текстиль
Prime Minister     [praim ′mi:nistə]            - премьер-министр
Parliament           [′pα:ləmənt]                            - парламент
chamber               [′ʧӕmbə]                       - палата
the House of Commons [′komənz]             - Палата Общин
the Labour party          [′leibə ′pα:ti]         - лейбористская партия
the Conservative party [kon′sə:vətiv]       - консервативная партия
Text
         Great Britain is an industrial country. It produces machinery and electronics, chemicals and textile.
         Great Britain is a country with old cultural traditions. The famous Oxford and Cambridge universities are intellectual centers of Europe.
         The United Kingdom is a monarchy. The Queen is the head of the state. But really the Prime Minister and the government rule the country. The British Parliament consists of two chambers: the House of Lords and the House of Commons.
         There are three main political parties in Great Britain: the Labour party, the Conservative party and the Liberal party.
Exercises
1. Расшифруйте слова:
1) neqeu               3) cahonyrm        5) laruclut            7) mrotnevegn
2) nyrutoc            4) curodep           6) sariluditn                  8) nritelapam
2. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты выражений:
1)    промышленная страна
2)    производит оборудование
3)    культурные традиции
4)    знаменитые университеты
5)    глава государства
6)    управляет страной
7)    состоит из двух палат
8)    главные политические партии
3. Составьте словосочетания:
1) Prime                        a) two chambers
2) intellectual                b) Kingdom
3) the House of             c) machinery
4) the Labour                d) country
5) famous                      e) centres
6) produces                            f) of the state
7) the head                    g) Minister
8) industrial                            h) Party
9) consist of                            i) Commons
10) the United               j) universities
4. Ответьте на вопросы:
1.     What does the British industry produce?
2.     What country is Great Britain?
3.     What intellectual centers of Europe are in Great Britain?
4.     What is the political system in Great Britain?
5.     Who is the official head of the state?
6.     Who rules the country really?
7.     What chambers does the British Parliament consist of?
8.     What are the main political parties in the United Kingdom?
5. Вставьте подходящие по смыслу слова: Labour, head, government, Commons, industrial, monarchy, produces, cultural.
1.     Great Britain is an ______________ country.
2.     It ____________ machinery and electronics, chemicals and textile.
3.     Great Britain is a country with old ______________ traditions.
4.     The United Kingdom is a ___________.
5.     The Queen is the _______ of the state.
6.     But really the Prime Minister and the _____________ rule the country.
7.     The British Parliament consists of the House of Lords and the House of ___________.
8.     There are three main political parties in Great Britain: the _______ party, the Conservative party and the Liberal party.
6. Составьте схему политической власти в Великобритании.




LONDON
Основной словарь:
capital                  [′kӕpitəl]             - столица
population           [pɔpjuleiʃən]        - население
consist of             [kɔnsist əv]          - состоять из
cathedral              [kӕ′θi:drəl]           - собор
fortress                [′fɔ:trəs]               - крепость
palace                  [′pӕləs]                - дворец
prison                           [′′pri:zən]             - тюрьма
clock                    [klɔk]                   - часы
famous                 [′feiməs]               - известный
rich                      [riʧ]                      - богатый
beautiful              [′bju:tiful]             - красивый
Дополнительный словарь:
part                               [:t]                   - часть
the City                         [′si:ti]                   - Сити (центральная часть Лондона)
Westminster                           [west′minstə]       - Вестминстер
financial                        [fai′næn∫iəl]          - финансовый
St. Paul’s Cathedral      [sent po:lz kæ′θi:drəl] - Собор святого Павла
architect                        [′α:kitekt]             - архитектор
Tower of London          [taυə]                   - Лондонский Тауэр
Buckingham                  [′bлkiŋæm]           - Букингемский
Abbey                           [′æbi]                   - аббатство
Trafalgar Square           [træ′fælgə skwεə] - Трафальгарская площадь
column                          [′koləm]               - колонна
1.     Прочитайте слова, обращая внимание на транскрипцию:
business     [′biznəs]
built            [bilt]
beautiful     [′bju:tiful]
2.     Прочтите и переведите интернациональные слова.
Po′litical, eco′nomic, fi′nancial, ′business, ′million, ′architect, mu′seum, aristoc′ratic, of′ficial, ′parliament, ho′tel, ′restaurant, club, park, geog′raphical, centre, in′dustrial.
Text
http://raskraski.link/uploads/5/0/6/5064-raskraska-London.gif London is the capital of Great Britain, its political and economic centre. Its population is about 8 million. London is on the river Thames. The city is 2000 years old. It consists of four parts: the City, Westminster, the West End and the East End.
The City is financial and business centre of London. St. Paul's Cathedral was built by the architect Christopher Wren. The Tower of London was a fortress, a palace and a prison. Now it's a museum.
Westminster is the aristocratic official part of London. The Queen lives in the Buckingham Palace. Here you can see the Houses of Parliament and Big Ben. Big Ben is one of the most famous clocks in the world.
The West End is the richest and most beautiful part of London. You can see many hotels, restaurants, shops, clubs, parks and houses.
Trafalgar Square is the geographical centre of London. It has got a statue of Admiral Nelson on the column.
The East End is an industrial district of London.
1. Расшифруйте слова:
1) sertosrf            3) lcapea              5) tanioplupo                7) sufaom
2) litapac             4) osnirp              6) hraltaced                            8) filubuate
2. Найдите английские эквиваленты в тексте:
1) состоит из четырёх частей
2) деловой центр
3) собор святого павла
4) официальная часть
5) букингемский дворец
6) дом парламента
7) известные часы
8) самая красивая часть
9) географический центр
10) промышленный район
3. Напишите по-английски числительные и существительные, к которым они относятся:
a) 8             b) 2000                c) 4
4. Составьте словосочетания и переведите их:
1) consists of                 a) cathedral
2) the river                    b) centre
3) St. Paul’s                  c) Nelson
4) the Tower                 d) square
5) the West                    e) four parts
6) Trafalgar                            f) Thames
7) admiral                     g) million
8) the richest                 h) End
9) eight                          i) of London
10) financial                  j) part
5. Распределите слова и словосочетания в 3 столбика:
Trafalgar Square, hotels, West End, Houses of Parliament, parks, Tower of London, East End, shops, St. Paul’s Cathedral, the City, clubs, Westminster,  restaurants, Buckingham Palace, Big Ben
Parts of London                     West End                                Places of interest
_____________                     _____________                     _______________
_____________                     _____________                     _______________
_____________                     _____________                     _______________
_____________                     _____________                     _______________
                                               _____________                     _______________
                                                                                              _______________



The United States of America
         Основной словарь:
large                              [lα:ʤ]                            - большой
country                         [′kᴧntri]                         - страна
state                              [steit]                             - штат
island                                      [′ailənd]                         - остров
temperate                      [′tempərət]                     - умеренный
natural resources           [′næʧərəl ri′so:sis]                   - природные ресурсы
produce                         [pro′dju:s]                     - производить
native Americans          [′neitiv]                          - коренные американцы
lake                               [leik]                              - озеро
great                              [greit]                                      - великий, большой
        
         Дополнительный словарь:
flow                                                                    - протекать
the Pacific Ocean           [pə′si:fikou∫ən]            - Тихий океан
the Appalachian Mountains [əpə′lӕʧiən ′mauntənz]- горы Аппалачи
the Gulf of Mexico        [gᴧlf]                             - Мексиканский залив
the Great Plains            [greit pleinz]                  - Великие равнины
the Rocky Mountains    [′roki ′mauntənz]           - Скалистые горы
the Cascade Range        [kəs′keid reinʤ]            - Каскадные горы
hot                                [hot]                              - жаркий, горячий
coal                               [koul]                                      - уголь
petroleum                      [pət′ro:liəm]                            - нефть
chemicals                      [′kemikəlz]                     - химические вещества
food                              [fu:d]                             - продовольствие
equipment                     [ik′wi:pmənt]                 - оборудование
paper                                      [peipə]                           - бумага
ethnic                                      [′eθnik]                          - этнический
basic                              [′beisik]                         - основной
1. Прочитайте названия сторон света:
                   north


 
      west                    east
                  
                   south
2. Прочитайте и переведите интернациональные слова, обращая внимание на ударение «’»:
′Million, group, ′ocean, ′central, ′climate, sub′tropical, re′sources, elect′ronic, ′metal, plastic, ′product, ′interest, grand, ′canyon.
3. Прочитайте географические названия и национальности:
Alaska, Hawaii, Atlantic, Appalachian, Mississippi, Mexico, Florida, Texas, Arizona, Missouri, Colorado, Ohio, Canada, New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Houston, Philadelphia, Washington, Chinese, Japanese, Spanish, Niagara, Rushmore.
4. Образуйте превосходную степень прилагательных:
cold – the coldest
large, hot, small, deep, wet, great

Text
The United States is one of the largest countries of the world. The population is 250 million people. The US consists of 50 states. The largest state is Alaska. Hawaii is a group of islands in the Pacific Ocean.
Along the Atlantic Ocean there are the Appalachian Mountains. The great Mississippi River flows to the Gulf of Mexico. The central part of the country is the Great Plains. In the west there are the Rocky Mountains and the Cascade Range.
The climate of the US is temperate. The hottest places are Florida, Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. Florida and Hawaii are subtropical.
The main rivers are the Mississippi, the Missouri, the Colorado and the Ohio. The Great Lakes are on the border with Canada.
http://www.94-80.com/images/www.newsvhf.com/was.gifThe largest cities are New York, Los Angeles, Chicago, Houston and Philadelphia. The capital of the US is Washington.
The US has many natural resources: coal, petroleum, and natural gas. The US produces cars, chemicals, food, electronic equipment, metal, paper and plastic products.
There are many ethnic groups in the United States: Afro Americans, Spanish-speaking people, Chinese, Japanese and Native Americans. The basic language is American English.
The places of interest are the Grand Canyon, the Niagara Falls, Mount Rushmore and others.
Exercises
1. Расшифруйте слова.
1) wfol                 3) dnisal               5) cupedor           7) cfipica
2) runytoc            4) unimaton                  6) matperete                  8) npisal
2.Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты этих словосочетаний.
1) крупнейший штат
2) Тихий океан
3) Аппалачинские горы
4) Великие равнины
5) умеренный климат
6) природные ресурсы
7) производит автомобили
8) электронное оборудование
9) этнические группы
10) основной язык
3. Составьте словосочетания и переведите их.
1) consist of                            a) equipment
2) plastic                                b) plains
3) flow to                                c) of interest
4) produce                              d) speaking
5) places                                 e) americans
6) spanish                               f) the gulf of Mexico
7) great                                   g) products
8) native                                h) fifty states
3. Ответьте на вопросы:
1.     What is the population of the US?
2.     What does it consist of?
3.     Where is Hawaii situated?
4.     What mountain systems are in the US?
5.     Where does the Mississippi River flow?
6.     What are the main rivers?
7.     Where are the Great Lakes located?
8.      What are the largest cities of the US?
9.     What does the US produce?
10.                       What ethnic groups are there in the US?
11.                       What is the basic language?
12.                       What places of interest are there in the country?
4. Вставьте следующие слова: native Americans, temperate, the Gulf of Mexico,  Mountains, islands, Cascade, consists, natural.
1.     The USA ___________ of 50 states.
2.     The _______________ is 250 million people.
3.     Hawaii is a group of ___________ in the Pacific Ocean.
4.     In the west there are two main mountain systems: the Rocky __________ and the ____________ Range.
5.     The main river Mississippi flows into ______________________.
6.     The climate is ______________.
7.     The US has many _____________ resources.
8.     There are many ethnic groups: Afro-Americans, Spanish-speaking people, Asian people and ______  ____________.
WASHINGTON, DC
     Основной словарь:
capital                               [′kӕpitəl]                                - столица
to be founded                    [′faundid]                                - быть основанным
to be situated                     [sitju′eitid]                              - быть расположенным
District of Columbia          [distrikt of ko′lᴧmbia]            - округ Колумбия
to be named after               [neimd]                                   - называться в честь
population                         [popju′leiʃən]                          - население
tall                                     [to:l]                                       - высокий
building                             [′bildiŋ]                                   - здание
to be built                          [bilt]                                       - быть построенным
independence                     [independens]                        - независимость
     Дополнительный словарь:
seat                                    [si:t]                                       - резиденция
the Capitol                         [kӕpitəl]                                - Капитолий
to look like                        [luk laik]                                - выглядеть как
author                               [′ɔ:θə]                                     - автор
Declaration of Independence      [deklə′reiʃən ov inde′pendens]       - Декларация Независимости
Emancipation Proclamation         [imansi′peiʃən proklə′meiʃən]    - Декларация об Освобождении
freedom                             [′fri:dom]                                - свобода
slave                                  [sleiv]                                     - раб


Washington, DC
Washington, DC, the capital of the United States, was founded in 1791. It is situated in the District of Columbia. The city was named after the first American President George Washington. Today the population of Washington, DC is 600 000 people.
http://st.depositphotos.com/1947689/4251/v/950/depositphotos_42519753-Washington-DC.jpgWashington, DC is the seat of the US Government. The White House is the official home of the US President. The Capitol is the building of the US Congress. It is the tallest building in Washington. There are no buildings in Washington taller than the Capitol.
Not far from the Capitol is the Washington Monument. It looks like a very big pencil. It is 160 metres high. The Jefferson Memorial was built in memory of the third President of the USA Thomas Jefferson. He was the author of the Declaration of Independence. The Lincoln Memorial is named after the sixteenth President of the USA, the author of the Emancipation Proclamation. It gave freedom to Black slaves in America.
Упражнения:
1. Расшифруйте слова:
1) cistirtd             3) vrociseder        5) cependineden   7) nosdurured
2) nigulibd           4) parsekrysc       6) naretoladic       8) horuta
2. Найдите следующие словосочетания в тексте:
1)    первооткрыватель Америки
2)    расположен в округе Колумбия
3)    в честь Христофора Колумба
4)    самое высокое здание
5)    выше, чем Капитолий
6)    наслаждаться видом города
7)    был построен в память
8)    окружён вишнёвыми деревьями
9)    автор декларации независимости
10)                      был похоронен на кладбище
11)                      военное министерство
12)                      резиденция правительства
3. Сопоставьте слова и переведите словосочетания:
1)    district                          a) to the memory
2)    bring                             b) of Congress
3)    gave                              c) proclamation
4)    named                           d) on the Potomac River
5)    died                              e) freedom
6)    devoted                         f) visitors
7)    library                           g) a big pencil
8)    emancipation                h) in World War
9)    situated                         i) of Columbia
10)                      looks like             j) in honour
4. Ответьте на вопросы

1.     When was Washington, D.C. founded?
2.     Where is Washington situated?
3.     Why was it named so?
4.     What is the population of Washington?
5.     What is the official home of the US President?
6.     What is the tallest building in Washington, DC?
7.     Whose building is the Capitol?
8.     In whose memory was the Jefferson memorial built?
9.     Who was the author of the Emancipation Proclamation?
10.                       What did the Emancipation Proclamation give to slaves in America?
5. Вставьте следующие слова: Washington Monument, government, Lincoln Memorial, building, founded, Declaration of Independence, District of Columbia, White House.
1.     Washington, DC, the capital of the United States was _________in 1791.
2.     It is situated in the _______________.
3.     Washington, DC is the seat of the US _________________.
4.     The ________________ is the official home of the US President.
5.     The Capitol is the _____________of the US Congress.
6.     The _________________looks like a very big pencil.
7.     The Jefferson Memorial was built in memory of the third President of the USA Thomas Jefferson, the author of the ______________________.
8.     The ________________is named after the sixteenth President of the USA, the author of the Emancipation Proclamation.


NEW YORK
         Основной словарь:
large                     [lα:ʤ]                            - большой
to consist of                  [kon′sist of]                            - состоять из
nation                            [′neiʃən]                         - народ, страна
beautiful              [′bju:tiful]                      - красивый
famous                 [′feiməs]                        - знаменитый
skyscraper           [′skaisk′reipə]                - небоскрёб
theatre                 [′θiətə]                           - театр
world                            [wə:ld]                           - мир
museum               [mju′zi:əm]                    - музей
         Дополнительный словарь:
Queens                 [kwi:nz]                         - Квинс
business               [′biznəs]                         - деловой
Empire State Building [ əm′paiə steit ′bi:ldiŋ]   - Имперское Государственное Здание
Times Square       [taimz skwɛə]                - Таймс Сквер (Площадь Времён)
stock exchange    [stok iks′ʧeinʤ]            - фондовая биржа
Natural History   [′nӕʧərəl ′histori]          - естествознание                  
circle                    [sə:kl]                            - круг
art                        [α:t]                               - искусство
NEW YORK
New York is the largest city in the US. It consists of five districts: Manhattan, the Bronx, Queens, Brooklyn and Richmond.  Manhattan is the business and financial centre of the country. It is the most beautiful part of New York too. The most famous skyscraper in the world is Empire State Building with 102 floors.
The Statue of Liberty is the symbol of American democracy. Broadway near Times Square is the centre of theatres. Wall Street is America’s financial centre. In Wall Street there are many business offices, banks and world famous New York stock exchange.
The geographic centre of New York is Columbus Circle. In the centre of it there is Memorial to Christopher Columbus. The most famous museums are American Museum of Natural History and Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Упражнения:
1. Прочитайте и переведите интернациональные слова:
Business, financial, centre, nation, statue, symbol, democracy, theatre, office, bank, geographic, memorial, museum, history.
2. Расшифруйте слова:
1) sumafo            3) drolw               5) umesum                    7) beautiful
2) toanin              4) regal                6) csepkaryrs                8) gcaxnehe
3. Найдите в тексте эквиваленты следующих словосочетаний:
1)    самый большой город                                     
2)    http://www.clipartbest.com/cliparts/9Tp/p6j/9Tpp6jaTE.pngделовой центр
3)    самая красивая часть
4)    знаменитый небоскрёб
5)    всемирно известный
6)    фондовая биржа
7)    географический центр
8)    музей естествознания                                                                   
9)    статуя свободы
10)                      музей искусств
4. Составьте словосочетания и переведите их:
1)    the largest            a) history
2)    famous                b) famous
3)    the centre             c) exchange
4)    world                            d) city
5)    geographic           e) beautiful
6)    natural                 f) of theatres
7)    museum               g) of democracy
8)    stock                    h) skyscraper
9)    symbol                i) centre
10)                      the most     j) of art
5. Ответьте на вопросы:
1.     What is the largest city in the USA?
2.     What districts does it consist of?
3.     What is the most famous skyscraper?
4.     What is the symbol of American democracy?
5.     What street is the centre of theatres?
6.     Where is New York stock exchange?
7.     What is in the centre of Columbus Circle?
8.     What are the most famous museums?
6. Вставьте следующие слова: skyscraper, Museum, Statue of Liberty, theatres, largest, stock exchange, beautiful, nation.
1.     New York is the _________ city in the US.
2.     Manhattan is the business and financial centre of the __________.
3.     It is the most __________ part of New York.
4.     The most famous ___________ is Empire State Building with 102 floors.
5.     The ____________________ is the symbol of American democracy.
6.     Broadway near Times Square is the centre of __________.
7.     In Wall Street there are many business offices, banks and _____ __________.
8.     There is American __________ of Natural History in New York.
RUSSIA
     Основной словарь:
native                       [′neitiv]                - родной
to be situated            [bi: sitju′eitid]      - быть расположенным
neighbor                            [′neibə]                 - сосед
south                        [saυθ]                            - юг
west                                                      - запад
forest                        [′fo:rəst]               - лес
rich                           [riʧ]                      - богатый 
different                    [′difərənt]             - различный
legislative                 [′ledʒislətiv]                   - законодательный
government              [′gлvənmənt]        - правительство
     Дополнительный словарь:
both                          [boυθ]                  - и …, и
border                      [′bo:də]                - граница
highland                   [′hailənd]              - возвышенность
midland                    [′midlӕnd]           - средняя полоса
Far East                   [fα:r i:st]              - Дальний Восток
deep                         [di:p]                    - глубокий
region                       [′ri:dʒәn]              - регион
oil                                                        - нефть
iron                          [aiәn]                   - железо
ore                            [o:]                       - руда
head                         [hed]                    - глава
state                         [steit]                   - государство
council                      [kaυnsil]               - совет
stripe                        [straip]                 - полоса
There is no country in the world like … - В мире нет такой страны, как …

http://st.depositphotos.com/1947689/4251/v/950/depositphotos_42519717-Kremlin-Tower-sketch-Moscow-Landmark-Symbol.jpgRUSSIA
I live in Russia. Russia is my native country. The Russian Federation is the largest country in the world. It is situated both in Europe and Asia. The country is washed by 12 seas and 3 oceans: the Pacific, the Arctic and the Atlantic oceans.
Our neighbors in the south are China, Mongolia, Korea, Kazakhstan, Georgia and Azerbaijan. In the west we have borders with Norway, Finland, Belarus and the Ukraine.
There are steppes in the south, plains and forests in the midland, tundra and taiga in the north, highlands and deserts in the east.
There are many rivers in Russia: the Volga, the Ob, the Yenissei and the Lena. The Amur in the Far East flows into the Pacific Ocean.
The deepest lake in the world is Baikal.
The climate is different in different regions.
Russia is rich in oil, coal, iron ore, natural gas, copper, nickel and other mineral resources.
Russia is a parliamentary republic with the President at the head. The State Duma and the Council of Federation are the legislative branch of the government.
The capital of Russia is Moscow. It is the largest political, cultural and industrial centre. It is one of the oldest Russian cities.
The national flag of Russia has white, blue and red stripes.
Упражнения:
1. Найдите английские эквиваленты в тексте.
1) родная страна
2) наши соседи
3) Северный Ледовитый океан
4) природный газ
5) самое глубокое озеро
6) минеральные ресурсы
7) Дальний Восток
8) глава государства
9) возвышенности и пустыни
10) законодательная ветвь
2. Сопоставьте слова
1) native                                 a) republic
2) the Pacific                           b) centre
3) the deepest                         c) resources
4) situated both                      d) country
5) national                              e) of federation
6) the council                          f) lake
7) mineral                               g) regions
8) parliamentary                     h) in Europe and Asia
9) cultural                               i) ocean
10) different                                     j) flag
3. Ответьте на вопросы:
1.     What is your native country?
2.     Where is it situated?
3.     What oceans is the country washed by?
4.     What are our neighbors in the west?
5.     What landscape is in Russia?
6.     What are the greatest rivers?
7.     What is the deepest lake in the world?
8.     Is the climate similar (одинаковый) in all the country?
9.     What mineral resources has Russia?
10.                       What political system is in our country?
11.                       What is the legislative branch of the government?
12.                       What is the national banner?
4. Вставьте следующие слова: the Pacific, flow, highlands, national, mineral resources, rivers, legislative, neighbors, situated, native.
1. Russia is my _____________ country.
2. It is ____________ both in Europe and Asia.
3. The country is washed by 12 seas and 3 oceans: ___________, the Arctic and the Atlantic.
4. Our _____________ are China, Mongolia, Kazakhstan and others.
5. There are steppes in the south, plains and forests in the midland, tundra and taiga in the north, ______________ and deserts in the east.
6. The main Russian rivers are the Volga, the Ob’, the Yenisei, and the Lena .
7. Russia is rich in ____________________.
8. The State Duma and the Council of Federation are the _____________ branch of the government.
9. The __________ flag of Russia has white, blue and red stripes.


RF POLITICAL SYSTEM
Legislative                     [′leʤislətiv]          - законодательный
executive                       [ig′zekjutiv]          - исполнительный
judicial                          [ʤu′di:∫iəl]           - судебный
the Federal Assembly    [′æsəmbli]            - Федеральное собрание
the Federation Council  [kaunsil]             - Совет Федерации
treaty                                      [tri:ti]                            - договор
to enforce                      [in′fo:s]                - следить за исполнением
to appoint                     [ә′point]               - назначить
to approve                    [ә′pru:v]               - одобрять
to belong                       [bilo:ŋ]                 - принадлежать
Arbitration                    [′α:bitrei∫ən]                   - арбитражный                   
elect                               [i′lekt]                  - голосовать
vote                               [vout]                            - голосование
banner                           [′bænə]                - флаг, знамя
stripe                             [straip]                 - полоса
coat of arms                           [kout ov α:mz]     - герб
eagle                              [i:gl]                     - орёл
to originate                    [o′ri:ʤineit]                   - происходить                      
the Byzantine Empire   [bai′za:ntain әm′paiә]    - Византийская Империя     
RF POLITICAL SYSTEM
http://uchebana5.ru/images/778/1554710/b1e78177.gif         The Russian Federative Republic was set up by the Constitution of 1993. According to the Constitution Russia is a Presidential Republic. The federal government consists of three branches: the legislative, the executive and the judicial. Each of them is checked and balanced by the President.
         The legislative power is presented in the Federal Assembly. It consists of two chambers: the Federation Council and the State Duma.
         The President makes treaties, enforces laws, and appoints the Prime Minister to be approved by the State Duma. The executive power belongs to the Government which is headed by the Prime Minister.
         The judicial branch is represented by the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court, the Arbitration Court and regional courts.
         The members of the State Duma are elected by popular vote for a four-year period. The Council of Federation is not elected. It is formed from the heads of the regions.
         Today the state Russian banner is three colored. It has three horizontal stripes: white, blue and red.
         The national coat of arms is a two-headed eagle. It originates from the Byzantine Empire.
Упражнения:
1. Ответьте на вопросы:
1.     What branches does the federal government consist of?
2.     What body is the legislative power presented by?
3.     What does the Federal Assembly consist of?
4.     What does the President do?
5.     Whom does the executive power belong to?
6.     What is the judicial branch represented by?
7.     How often are the members of the State Duma elected?
8.     Whom is the Council of Federation formed of?
9.     How does the state banner look like?
10.                       Where does the coat of arms originate from?
2. Продолжите предложения.
1.     The federal government consists of . . .
2.     The legislative power is presented in . . .
3.     It consists of two chambers: . . .
4.     The President makes treaties, . . .
5.     The executive power belongs to . . .
6.     The judicial branch is represented by . . .
7.     The members of the State Duma are elected . . .
8.     The Council of Federation is formed from . . .
9.     The state Russian banner is . . .
10.                       The national coat of arms  . . .
3. Составьте рассказ о государственном устройстве в нашей стране.
                                                     



ГРАММАТИКА
Present Progressive Tense - Настоящее длительное время
(действие в процессе, совершается в момент речи)

to be + глагол + ing


глагол workработать




1. Утвердительные предложения.
I         am


work + ing.
He
She            is
It
We
You           are
They


2. Отрицательные предложения.
I         am not



work + ing.
He
She            is not
It
We
You           are not
They


3. Вопросительные предложения.
    Am        I


work + ing ?
                  he
    Is           she  
                  it
                  we
    Are        you
                  they



4. Краткие  ответы


Yes,
I am.


No,
I am not.
he is.
she is.
it is.

he isn’t.
she isn’t.
it isn’t.
we are.
you are.
they are.
we aren’t.
you aren’t.
they aren’t.







now                     - сейчас
at the moment      - в настоящий момент
Look!                            - Смотри!          
Listen!                 - Слушай!
1.  Образуйте причастия от глаголов.
Model:
read – reading               write – writing (конечная е опускается) 
sitsitting (на конце одна согласная, перед ней одна гласная)
study – studying           do – doing           lie - lying
Work, have, put, stay, stop, make, carry, get, do, leave, die, sing, go, take, snow, run, come, sleep, swim, laugh, begin, dance, buy.

2. Рαскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в форме Present Progressive.
1. He (to read) a book now.
2. She (to do) her homework?
3. My mother (not to sit) at the table now.
4. I still (to write) a letter.
5. They (not to play) football.
6. It (to snow) now?
7. She (to explain) a grammar rule.
8. We (to have) dinner now.
9. Who (to speak) with you?
10. It still (to rain)?
11. Why you (to talk)?
12. They (not to eat) soup.
13. The girl (to draw) a picture.
14. My son (to swim) to the shore?
15. Her daughter (to play) chess at the moment.

Present Progressive / Present Simple
Present Progressive
(настоящее длительное)
Present Simple
(настоящее простое)
Овал: +       am
       is           + V ing
       are
Овал: +         V1 / Vs
Овал: -         don’t , doesn’t + V1
Овал: ?         Do, Does _______V1   ?
now
at the moment
Look!
Listen!
still
every day
usually
always
often
sometimes

Упражнение
Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Progressive или в Present Simple.
N
Present Progressive
Present Simple
1.
I (to take) my sister to school now.
I (to take) her to school every day.
2.
He (to help) his father now.
He (to help) his father very often.
3.
At the moment they (to swim) at the river.
They usually (swim) at the river.
4.
I (not to sleep) now.
I (not to sleep) in the daytime.
5.
She (not to drink) coffee now.
She (not to drink) coffee after lunch.
6.
We (not to watch) TV now.
We (not to watch) TV in the morning.
7.
You (to work) at the moment?
You (to work) every day?
8.
He (to play) now?
He (to play) in the afternoon?
9.
They (to eat) now?
They (to eat) at school?
10.
What you (to do) now?
What you (to do) every morning?

Past Progressive (Прошедшее длительное время)
(действие в определённый момент в прошлом)
to be + V ing
глагол speakговорить

Утвердительные
Отрицательные
Вопросительные
I / he / she / it
I was speaking.
I was not speaking.
Was I speaking?
you / we / they
You were speaking.
You were not speaking.
Were you speaking?
at 3 o’clock yesterday – в 3 часа вчера
when mother came – когда мама пришла (глагол во 2-й форме – прош. врем.)
from 5 till 6 yesterdayс 5 до 6 вчера
the whole evening – весь вечер
Упражнение
Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Past Progressive.
1.     I (to read) a book at two o’clock.
2.     They (to write) the test at this time yesterday.
3.     He (to work) in the garden from two till five o’clock.
4.     We (to watch) television the whole evening.
5.     You (to play) football at six o’clock?
6.     You (to drink) tea at seven o’clock?
7.     He (to draw) from three till four o’clock?
8.     Who (to listen) to the radio at this time?
9.     It (to rain) the whole day yesterday?
10.           They (to skate) at three o’clock?
11.           You (not to sleep) at nine o’clock last night.
12.           I (not to write) a letter to my granny at eight o’clock.
13.           She (not to help) mother about the house from two till six.
14.           George (to do) his lessons the whole evening?
15.           He (to speak) in a loud voice.

Past Progressive / Past Simple
Сравните употребление Past Simple и Past Progressive:
Past Simple
Past Progressive
Однократное действие
Действие в процессе
We played chess in the evening (вечером)
We were playing chess the whole evening (весь вечер)
yesterday
last winter
a week ago
at... o'clock yesterday
when mother came home
from 5 till 6 yesterday
the whole evening

Упр. 1. Раскройте скобки, употребляя гла­голы в Past Simple или Past Progressive.
1. I (to play) computer games yesterday.
2. I (to play) computer games at five o'clock yesterday.
3. He (to play) computer games from two till three yesterday.
4. We (to play) computer games the whole evening yesterday.
5. What Nick (to do) when you came to his place?
6. What you (to do) when I rang you up?
7. I (not to sleep) at nine o'clock yesterday.
8. What he (to do) yesterday? – He (to read) a book.
9. What he (to do) the whole evening yesterday? – He (to read) a book.
10. She (to sleep) when you came home?
11. My brother (not to play) tennis yesterday. He (to play) tennis the day be­fore yesterday.
12. My sister (not to play) the pi­ano at four o'clock yesterday. She (to play) the piano the whole evening.
13. When I came into the kitchen, mother (to cook).
14. She (to cook) the whole day yesterday.
15. We (to wash) the floor in our flat yesterday.
16. We (to wash) the floor in our flat from three till four yesterday.
17. You (to do) your homework yesterday?
18. You (to do) your homework from eight till ten yesterday?
19. Why she (to sleep) at seven o'clock yesterday?
20. He (to sit) at the table the whole evening yesterday.
Тест
1) Выберите нужный вариант в Present Simple, Past Simple или Future Simple:
1) We ______ a very good film last Sunday.    
         a) see                   b) saw                           c) shall see           d) sees
2) _____your mother _______ every day?
         a) Shall … cook   b) Will … cook    c) Did … cook     d) Does … cook
3) ____ you ________a dictation tomor­row?
         a) Do … write      b) Will … write    c) Does … write   d) Did … write
4) I _________ computer games yesterday.
         a) don’t play        b) doesn’t play    c) didn’t play                d) shall not play
5) Where _____ she ______ tomorrow?
         a) is … be            b) am … is                    c) shall … be                 d) will … be
6) I _______ last summer at the seaside.
         a) spend               b) spent               c) will spend                  d) spends


2. Выберите нужный вариант в Present Progressive, Past Progressive или Future Progressive:
1) Who _____ you _________ for?
         a) is … waiting    b) are … waiting  c) were … waiting         d) will … be waiting
2) She ______________ a book the whole evening yesterday.
         a) shall be reading         b) is reading                  c) was reading      d) am reading
3) I _________________ next weekend.
         a) am not working            b) shall be not working   c) was not working     d) are not working
4) Where ____________ Alex ________ when you met him yesterday?
         a) is … going       b) will … be going         c) were going                 d) was going
5) Look at these children: they ___________ very well.
         a) was skating      b) is skating                  c) are skating                 d) were skating
6) What ____you ________ at three o'clock yesterday?
         a) am … doing     b) were … doing  c) are … doing     d) was … doing












Литература
1.     Английский для ССУЗ: учебное пособие для студентов учреждений среднего профессионального образования/И. П. Агабекян; Изд. 7-е, перераб. и доп. – Ростов н/Д: Феникс, 2015, 320 с.
2.     Голицынский, Ю. Б. Грамматика: Сборник упражнений/ Ю. Б. Голицынский; Изд. 5-е,  исправл. и доп. – С-П: «КАРО», 2014, 544 с.
3.     Еженедельное приложение к газете «Первое сентября» English.
4.     Интернет-источники.
































Гармаева Т. Б.


Английский язык
Методические указания
к самостоятельной работе студентов